Abram is the founding patriarch of the Nations of the Old Testament maps including the Israelites, Ishmaelites, Edomites, and the Midianites and kindred peoples, according to the book of Genesis.
Abram is his original name, meaning either "exalted father" or "my father is exalted" (compare Abiram) or "the father is exalted". Later in Genesis God renamed him Abraham, a name which the text reads as av hamon (goyim) "father of many nations".
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are sometimes referred to as the "Abrahamic religions" because of the progenitor role that Abraham plays in their holy books. In both the Jewish tradition and the Quran, he is referred to as "our Father". Jews, Christians, and Muslims consider him father of the people of Israel. For Jews and Christians this is through his son Isaac, by his wife Sarah; for Muslims, he is a prophet of Islam and the ancestor of Muhammad through his other son Ishmael, born to him by Sarah's handmaiden, Hagar.
For Abraham, this demon like offspring named Ishmael went on to father many of the abhorrent and ungodly nations of the Old Testament that became known the greatest enemies of his children and later, of Christianity.
The Bible relates that Abraham was originally named Abram and was the tenth generation from Noah and the twentieth from Adam. His father's name was Terah, and he had two brothers, Nahor and Haran. His wife was Sarah, and he was the uncle of Lot. Abraham was sent by God from his home in Ur Kasdim and Haran to Canaan, the land promised to his descendants by God.
The LORD had said to Abram, "Leave your country, your people and your father's household and go to the land I will show you. I will make you into a great nation and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you."
God's promise to Abraham that through his offspring all the nations of the world would come to be blessed is interpreted in the Christian tradition as a reference particularly to Christ. In Canaan, Abraham entered into a covenant: in exchange for recognition of God the Father as his God, Abraham would be blessed with innumerable progeny and the land would belong to his descendants.
Old Testament Maps - Nations of Abraham Bible Map
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