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Garden of Eden, Probable Location

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Map of the middle east (AKA Near East) in Old Testament.

Garden of Eden in Book of Genesis

The Garden of Eden is described in the Book of Genesis as being the place where the first man, Adam, and his wife, Eve, lived after they were created by God.

Literally, the Bible speaks about a Garden in Eden (Gen. 2:8). This garden forms part of the Genesis creation narrative and theodicy of the Abrahamic religions, often being used to explain the origin of sin and mankind's wrongdoings.

The Book of Genesis relates the geographical location of both Eden and the garden to four rivers (Pishon, Gihon, Tigris, Euphrates), and three regions (Havilah, Assyria, and Kush). There are hypotheses that place Eden at the headwaters of the Tigris and Euphrates (northern Mesopotamia), in Iraq (Mesopotamia), Africa, and the Persian Gulf.

"Now The Lord God had planted a garden in the east, in Eden; and there He putthe man He had formed. And The Lord God made all kinds of trees grow out of the ground - trees that were pleasing to the eye and good for food. In the middle of the garden were the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil."

"A river watering the garden flowed from Eden, and from there it divided. It had fourheadstreams. The name of the first is the Pishon. It winds through the entire land of Havilah,where there is gold. The gold of that land is good; aromatic resin and onyx are also there. The name of the second river is the Gihon; it winds through the entire land of Cush. The name of the third river is the Tigris; it runs along the east side of Asshur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates."(Genesis 2:8-14)

Free Garden of Eden Location Bible Map

The land of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers is today in Iraq - a land rich in places related to events of Bible History - Ur Of The Chaldees (where Abraham was born about 2000 B.C.), Nineveh (the capital of The Assyrian Empire that conquered the northern "Lost Ten Tribes" of Israel in 721 B.C.), and Babylon (the capital of the Babylonian empire that conquered the southern kingdom of Judah in 586 B.C.).

There have been a few modern-day searches for the garden of Eden, with no substantial proof found. This of course is quite natural and understandable after so long. Time however is not the only factor - there is also a matter of a certain great Flood that occurred during the time of Noah that obliterated the entire region, including the garden.

The flood is also the likely reason that the Pishon and Gihon Rivers that also flowed out of Eden are no longer existent - only the Tigris and Euphrates were apparently wide and deep enough to take the great amount of flood sediment without being filled and lost.

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